A wetland is an area where a certain amount of water covers a large or small piece of land. Sometimes water is only covering the piece of land temporarily. This is when there is a lot of rain, mostly during the spring. Other times the water that is in the wetlands are there permanently.
Wetlands are beneficial to this world because they help our society in many ways. One way is that the wetlands shelter many animals of many different species. The wetlands have been homes to many people in the past and to some in the present. With water in the wetlands, come fish. People can use the wetlands to their advantage by getting the fish from the water. This was how many people back then got their food.
One of the biggest reasons why the wetlands are so important is because they are a big part of flooding prevention. When there is a flood in an area near or in the wetland area, The wetlands soak in all of that water so that it cannot go anywhere else. This is also how a lot of wetland areas are formed.
Earth day is the one day every year, where people can help the environment with the people around them. It is the one day that is only about the environment. Some people don’t do much for Earth Day. But not everyone. So many people plant trees, compost, and much more! They want to make the most of April 22nd, Because it’s only here once a year! Earth Day is the time to thank our Earth for the shelter, warmth, resources, and food it provides us. Our way of saying thank you is by making the earth feel young again! if we plant trees, the earth’s atmosphere could end up similarly to how the atmosphere was before the industrial revolution.
As we all know, there has been a significant increase in rainy weather. Last week, some of us experienced a severe thunderstorm, which included hail, and lightning and thunder for about 3 hours in total. Many people want to know why Many states and cities might be experiencing an excessive amount of “Indoor Weather”.
Scientists around the country have explained that spring is coming earlier by 2,5 days everyday. Evan Comen from “USA Today” has explained that pollution is the reason the spring is coming to us faster than it did the decade before. Weather has been getting hotter and hotter with more and more rainy weather. This is because of pollution where we all put greenhouse gasses into the air. While there is more and more rain coming down, the risk of a flood is getting higher and higher. Last week, a flood warning was put out during the storm until 11:30 pm. This has caught the attention of many people.
All of this flooding causes many problems around the area. One of the most important affects of this weather is unhealthy soil. The flooding can cover up the plants in which disabling the ability for the plants to collect nutrients. The flooding also causes erosion on the soil which results in less nutrients for the plants to receive due to the lack of soil. This makes soil and plants unhealthy. This decreases the amount of plants in the area, which makes it worse for plant eaters. Without their food, they will not be able to survive.
Flooding also causes water pollution. Whenever you are walking around a city and see trash on the ground, try to pick it up. Trash on the ground can cause many severe problems. Flooding can pick up that trash which makes it float around and could affect marine life. If this is a town near a lake or a large body of water, the flooding could bring the trash into the body of water which results in marine life eating the trash. The trash makes the marine life feel full. Then they start starving themselves because they still think they are full. Eventually, they will start dying of starvation.
A way to prevent this is by making barriers with sandbags. This is something that your whole neighborhood could help with. Once the flooding is over, put the sandbags for some other use, such as holding down trampolines, etc. Flood Barriers have saved many lives in the water, or not.
In the past year, it has come to my attention that people around the world are suffering from stroke, ischaemic Heart Disease, and even lung cancer. One of the causes of this is air Pollution. Air pollution is a worldwide problem. According to “ScienceDaily”, air pollution takes about 4.6 million lives each year. Pollution is always looked down upon. The main reason for air pollution is us, humans. We use non-renewable energy every day for our own advantage not knowing that it could hurt others and their homes. One place where air pollution is truly the most deadly problem is New Delhi, India. As a person who is from India, I am truly hurt that India’s capital is suffering from the air that can cause traumatic effects on the human body. One of the main reasons for air pollution in this city is the use of non-renewable resources in motorized vehicles. Another main cause of air pollution is burning wood on agricultural lands. Farmers burn wood on the land in which the methane from the fire produces, travels to the city. New Delhi is not the only city struggling with this problem. Hundreds of cities struggle every day due to poor air quality.
How We Can Help
Many people around the world have also taken notice of this problem. Unfortunately, there is no going back to zero air pollution. However, we can reduce the number of fossil fuels being used every day. Kids around the world have been protesting for world leaders to stand up for their people and making a change in our world. The kids want everyone to ensure that there will be a bright future for everyone. We can also help by doing small things around the house. These may not seem like much help, but trust me, it will help all of us in the future.
Unplug electronic device chargers when not in use
Turn of the lights when no one is in the room
Do not leave plugged in devices on
Try to limit the use of gasoline on the stove
Limit the use of taking your personal vehicle(Try to take public transport or walk, and ride a bike)
Plant trees in your yard(They help reduce carbon dioxide levels in the air)
Switch to electric lawn equipment
This picture represents what a city looks like with and without pollution.
The fact that climate change is one of the most tempestuous, and detrimental problems in the world is indisputable. This fact is unequivocal for climate change and air pollution have already caused the deaths of millions of people, destruction of agriculture, world hunger, illness, and severe depredation on the environment. In order to address this problem, Representative Carey Hamilton proposed a bill to make our communities and environment more resilient by taking action against climate change.
On February 26, Leo Berry and I attended the Environmental Affairs Committee to hear Hamilton Southeastern High School Senior Vernice Riego testify on Representative Hamilton’s bill. Before Representative Hamilton proposed the bill for climate change, another bill was proposed which favored economic wealth but can potentially endure depredation on the environment, for it disrupts the protection of wetlands.
By 1985, 85% of Indiana’s wetlands had already been destroyed. Senator Victoria Spartz proposed a bill that removes countenance in wetland repair, which can harm the environment. This is detrimental for wetlands have a significant role in the environment. For instance, wetlands act as an absorber of water, so when it rains, water gradually moves throughout water systems (rivers, streams, lakes, etc.). Thus, when heavy precipitation occurs, wetlands prevent flash-flooding by absorbing rainwater. Wetlands also filter pollutants from the atmosphere like nitrogen, carbon, phosphorus, and suspended solids. They also have a valuable role in filtering water, for wetlands filter out the sedimentation, decompose vegetative matter and convert chemicals into a usable form.
Wetlands are significant in the struggle against climate change. In fact, controlling the climate is one of the greatest hydrologic functions of wetlands. Through a process called evapotranspiration, wetlands return 2/3 of their annual water to the atmosphere. As demonstrated, wetlands have a great impact which is important for the environment. It is the Government’s or the State’s responsibility to preserve wetlands and this bill would cause further harm to this important ecosystem. Despite causing contention, Senator Spartz’s bill was passed by the Environmental Affairs Committee.
After Senator Spartz’s proposal, Representative Carey hamilton proposed her bill which favored the environment and fought against climate change, for it creates an environmentally sustainable community, mainly by utilizing green manufacturing. During this time, Vernice Riego, a senior at Hamilton Southeastern High School also spoke against climate change. She emphasized the contentious effects of climate change and how communities can fight against climate change, creating resilient communities. When concluding, Representative Hamilton proposed a vote, however, her proposal was declined.
Although Senator Hamilton’s bill was declined, it was one of the most decisive steps in taking action against climate change. In conclusion, we will continue to spread awareness and take action to create more resilient communities and fight climate change.